Vocational rehabilitation is a dynamic process consisting of a series actions and activities that follow a logical, sequential progression of services related to the total needs of a person with a disability.
The process begins with a referral and ends with the successful placement of the individual in employment.
Following injury or the onset of physical or mental problems affecting vocational performance, individuals may undergo a vocational assessment as part of a range services to assist a client in achieving their rehabilitation needs.
Vocational assessments are used because individuals typically do not have precise occupational goals and aspirations. They may have insufficient or inaccurate information on the labour market and limited self-knowledge of their own interests and abilities. Assessment is often an important part of such services, and vocational rehabilitation specialists seek to determine the nature of the client's interests, (remaining) functional abilities, and coping resources.
The setting (i.e. litigated or non-litigated) the vocational evaluation takes place in is very important.